One of the most famous sites on earth, the Taj Mahal is a representation of beauty, love, and masterful architecture. It is a timeless monument to the enduring power of love and the exquisite craftsmanship of the Mughal era, and it is located in Agra, India. We shall explore the significance, history, and architectural design of the Taj Mahal in this blog. This monument has won the hearts and minds of people all over the world.
The Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan ordered the Taj Mahal built in 1632 as a tomb for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, who passed away while giving birth to their fourteenth child. Mumtaz was the object of Shah Jahan’s legendary love, and her passing saddened him. He made the decision to build a monument in her honor that would forever mark their love.
Over 20,000 years and hundreds of artists, craftsmen, and laborers went into building the Taj Mahal. White marble from Rajasthan’s Makrana was mined and shipped to Agra to be used in the main structure. Precious and semi-precious stones are used to embellish the elaborate calligraphy and drawings on the walls. The building’s perfect symmetry and painstaking attention to detail demonstrate the Mughal era’s great architectural design.
Symmetry and Balance: The Taj Mahal’s four minarets round the main building, giving it perfect symmetry. This symmetry is accentuated by the reflecting pool in front of the tomb, producing an amazing visual impression.
Dome: The Taj Mahal’s central dome, sometimes known as the “onion dome,” is one of its most recognizable characteristics. At 73 meters high, it is constructed entirely of white marble. Its opulence is enhanced by the elaborate lotus pattern at its summit.
Inlay Work: The Taj Mahal’s walls are covered in exquisite inlay work with calligraphy and floral patterns. The beauty of the marble is enhanced by the use of precious and semi-precious stones such as carnelian, jasper, and lapis lazuli.
Calligraphy: Verses from the Quran are inscribed on the walls in elegant calligraphy. The inscriptions are a testament to the religious and spiritual inclinations of the Mughal era.
Love Story: The Taj Mahal is a representation of unwavering love. This magnificent monument honors Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan’s strong fondness for her. It reminds us that love is timeless and can still motivate individuals even millennia after it first appears.
Architectural Marvel: The Taj Mahal is a masterpiece of Mughal architecture. Its meticulous design and structural integrity have made it an inspiration for architects and builders worldwide.
UNESCO World Heritage Site: In 1983, the Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, recognizing its cultural and historical significance. It draws millions of tourists from all over the world annually.
How To Reach
Here’s how you can reach the Taj Mahal:
The Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi, which is around 200 kilometers away, is the closest airport to the Taj Mahal.
The main railway station in Agra is called Agra Cantt (Agra Railway Station), and it is well-connected by train. Regular train services are available from Delhi, Jaipur, Mumbai, Kolkata, and other major Indian cities.
You can reach Agra by car or bus, and it has excellent road connections to other major cities.
Auto-rickshaws and cycle rickshaws are readily available
If you are staying in the city center of Agra, the Taj Mahal is not very far and can be reached on foot if you enjoy walking. Just be prepared for the weather, as Agra can get quite hot in the summer.
Hotels and Resorts
There are numerous hotels and resorts near the Taj Mahal in Agra. Here are some of the well-known options:
The Oberoi Amarvilas
ITC Mughal, A Luxury Collection Hotel
Radisson Blu Hotel Agra
Hotel Taj Resorts
Courtyard by Marriott Agra
The Gateway Hotel Fatehabad Road
Jaypee Palace Hotel & Convention Centre
Crystal Sarovar Premiere
Four Points by Sheraton Agra
Charges And Timing Of Opening
The Taj Mahal is usually open to visitors from sunrise to sunset, seven days a week. The monument is closed on Fridays to the public for regular maintenance and prayers.
The entrance fees for the Taj Mahal can vary depending on your nationality and whether you want to access additional areas within the complex. As of 2022, the fees for international tourists were as follows:
Foreign Tourists: INR 1,300 (approximately $17 USD)
Citizens of SAARC and BIMSTEC countries: INR 740 (approximately $10 USD)
Indian Citizens: INR 50
Please be aware that these costs could alter at any time, and that there might be extra expenses for particular services or regions of the Taj Mahal complex. For the most recent details on ticket costs and any modifications to opening hours, it is advised to visit the Archaeological Survey of India’s (ASI) official website or get in touch with the relevant local authorities.