Ayodhya: History, Faith, and Controversy

Ayodhya is a city that reflects the intricate relationship between religion and politics in India. It is significant historically, religiously, and politically. Recognized as the cradle of Hinduism’s most venerated deity, Lord Rama, Ayodhya has been at the epicenter of a long-running controversy that has influenced the socio-political climate of the country. In this blog, we explore the rich history, the Ayodhya controversy, and the cultural legacy of Ayodhya, delving into its many facets.

Historical Tapestry of Ayodhya:

One of the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world is Ayodhya, which is located in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh on the banks of the Sarayu River. Its historical origins can be found in antiquity, and the Hindu epics the Ramayana and Mahabharata both reference it. According to Hindus, Ayodhya was founded by Manu, the ancestor of humanity.

Ayodhya is described as the birthplace of Lord Rama and the capital of the great King Dasharatha in the classic Hindu text Ramayana. The city is portrayed as a successful, morally upright kingdom run according to the dharma (righteousness) precepts. Millions of Hindus visit Ayodhya as a place of pilgrimage because of the mythology surrounding Lord Rama and his banishment, which is told in the Ramayana.

The Ayodhya Dispute:

The Babri Masjid, a mosque constructed in the 16th century during the Mughal Empire, is at the center of the Ayodhya dispute. Certain Hindu traditions state that the mosque was built on the precise location of the Ram Janmabhoomi, the place where Lord Rama was born. This misconception sparked a bitter ownership dispute that resulted in decades of court battles and strained relations between the community.

When a sizable group of Hindu activists destroyed the Babri Masjid on December 6, 1992, the conflict reached a breaking point. The tragedy caused widespread communal unrest in India, which claimed many lives and destroyed a great deal of property. The Ayodhya controversy became even more intense following the demolition, turning it into a symbol of political and religious conflict.

Legal Resolutions and the Ram Mandir:

On November 9, 2019, the Supreme Court of India issued a historic ruling following years of legal battles. The court directed the allocation of an alternative plot for the construction of a mosque in addition to ruling in favor of the construction of a Hindu temple at the contested site. This ruling placed a strong emphasis on the necessity of rapprochement and harmony among the community while attempting to resolve the long-running Ayodhya conflict.

Cultural Heritage and Tourism:

Due to its unique combination of religious and historical significance, Ayodhya has grown in popularity among both tourists and pilgrims. With its abundance of temples, ghats, and cultural landmarks, the city draws tourists looking for spiritual comfort and a taste of India’s rich past. Ayodhya’s cultural landscape is further enhanced by the Ram Mandir’s construction, which commenced after the Supreme Court’s ruling and cemented the temple’s status as a symbol of religious harmony.

How To Reach Ayodhya?

Reaching Ayodhya is relatively straightforward, given its location in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Here are the various modes of transportation to reach Ayodhya:


Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport in Lucknow, which is about 140 kilometers away. From Lucknow, you can opt for a taxi or a bus to Ayodhya.


Ayodhya Junction: Ayodhya has its own railway station, known as the Ayodhya Junction (AY). It is well-connected to major cities across India. Regular trains ply between Ayodhya and cities like Delhi, Lucknow, Varanasi, and others.

Faizabad Junction: Faizabad, the twin city of Ayodhya, also has a railway station called Faizabad Junction (FD). It is located approximately 7 kilometers from Ayodhya and is connected to several major cities.


Road Network: Ayodhya is well-connected by road, and there are regular bus services from nearby cities and towns. The National Highway 27 passes through Ayodhya, making it accessible by car or private vehicle.

Bus Services: State-run and private buses operate from major cities like Lucknow, Varanasi, Allahabad, and others to Ayodhya. You can also consider hiring a taxi or using car rental services for a more comfortable and private journey.

Places to visit in Ayodhya

Ayodhya, with its rich cultural and religious heritage, offers a range of places to visit that are of historical, spiritual, and architectural significance. Here are some prominent places to explore in Ayodhya:

Ram Janmabhoomi:

The Ram Janmabhoomi is believed to be the birthplace of Lord Rama, a central figure in Hindu mythology. It is one of the most revered and visited sites in Ayodhya.

The site includes the makeshift temple where the idols of Lord Rama are worshipped. Visitors can participate in prayers and experience the spiritual ambiance.

Hanuman Garhi:

Perched on a hill, Hanuman Garhi is dedicated to Lord Hanuman, a devoted follower of Lord Rama. It is one of the most popular temples in Ayodhya.

The temple complex has a massive statue of Lord Hanuman, and devotees climb the stairs to seek blessings. The panoramic view of Ayodhya from the hill is an additional attraction.

Kanak Bhawan:

Kanak Bhawan is a sacred shrine dedicated to Lord Rama and his consort Sita. According to legend, it is believed to have been a gift from Rani Kaikeyi to Sita.

The temple is known for its exquisite artwork and vibrant paintings that depict scenes from the Ramayana. It is a significant pilgrimage site for devotees.

Treta Ke Thakur:

This temple is dedicated to Lord Rama and is believed to be the spot where Lord Rama performed the Ashwamedha Yagna.

The temple architecture reflects a blend of historical and cultural influences, making it an interesting site for both religious and architectural enthusiasts.

Nageshwarnath Temple:

Nageshwarnath is one of the oldest temples in Ayodhya and is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is believed to have been established by Lord Rama’s son, Kush.

The temple complex houses various shrines, and the serene ambiance makes it a peaceful place for meditation and prayer.

Swarg Dwar:

Swarg Dwar, meaning “Gate to Heaven,” is believed to be the spot from where Lord Rama ascended to heaven.

The site has a symbolic gateway and is visited by pilgrims who believe in the divine significance of this location.

Gulab Bari (Rose Garden):

Gulab Bari is a historic garden and mausoleum built by Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula. It houses the tombs of Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula and his family.

The garden is known for its beautiful roses and Mughal architecture. It provides a peaceful retreat from the bustling religious sites.

Moti Mahal:

Moti Mahal, also known as the Pearl Palace, is a historic structure believed to have been the residence of Lord Rama.

The architecture reflects a blend of Hindu and Islamic styles, and visitors can explore the historical significance of the site.

These are just a few of the many places to visit in Ayodhya. The city’s cultural richness and spiritual significance make it a compelling destination for pilgrims, history enthusiasts, and those seeking a deeper connection with India’s heritage.

Hotels and Stays

City offers a variety of accommodation options ranging from budget to mid-range hotels. While the city may not have an extensive array of luxury hotels, there are comfortable and well-equipped stays to cater to different preferences. Here are some hotels and stays you may consider when visiting Ayodhya:

Ramada Plaza by Wyndham :

Location: Faizabad Road

Facilities: This hotel offers modern amenities, including a restaurant, fitness center, and comfortable rooms. It’s a mid-range option with a focus on providing a pleasant stay.

OYO 46670 Hotel Krishna Palace:

Location: Kanak Bhawan

Facilities: As part of the OYO network, this budget hotel provides clean and affordable accommodation with essential amenities. It is situated in close proximity to Kanak Bhawan.

Clark Brij Vihar:

Location: Naya Ghat

Facilities: A mid-range hotel with comfortable rooms and facilities such as a restaurant and conference rooms. It is known for its hospitality and convenient location.

Vasundhara Inn:

Location: Hospital Road

Facilities: This hotel offers a range of rooms to suit different budgets. It provides essential amenities for a comfortable stay and is conveniently located in the city.

Hotel Abha:

Location: Saketpuri

Facilities: A budget-friendly option, Hotel Abha provides basic amenities and comfortable rooms. It is suitable for travelers looking for affordable accommodation.

Hotel Anand Retreat:

Location: Civil Lines

Facilities: Situated in a peaceful area, Hotel Anand Retreat offers clean and comfortable rooms with essential facilities. It is known for its friendly staff.

The City Hotel:

Location: Station Road

Facilities: A budget hotel located near the railway station, The City Hotel provides basic amenities for a convenient stay at affordable rates.

Hotel Krishna Palace:

Location: Naya Ghat

Facilities: This hotel is known for its proximity to key attractions in Ayodhya. It offers comfortable rooms and basic amenities.

Dharmashalas to Stay in Ayodhya

1: Birla Temple Lawn (4.1*/5) (1299 ratings)



2: Shri Balaji Dharamshala (3.7*/5) (332 ratings)

Civil Line



3: Shri Rambalak Dasji Gujarati Dharamshala (4*/5) (232 ratings)

Civil Line



4: Baranwal Dharmshala (4.1*/5) (141 ratings)

Terhi Bazar



5: Janaki Mahal Trust Dharamshala (4.2*/5) (110 ratings)






6: Dharamshala (4.1*/5) (81 ratings)

Ayodhya Ho


Happy Exploring!

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